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Allied Academies invites all participants across the world to join 9th International Conference on Petroleum Geology and Petroleum Industry which is going to be held during November 13-14, 2017 at Vienna, Austria. Petroleum Industry is a trending event which brings together efficient international academic scientists, young researchers, and students making the congress a perfect platform to share experience, gain and evaluate emerging technologies in Petroleum Extraction and Oil Refining across the globe. Initiation of cross-border co-operations between scientists and institutions will be also facilitated. The Main theme of the Conference is Advanced Technologies in Petroleum Industry. This conference provides two days of great opportunity to discuss on recent approaches and advancements for development of new techniques in Petroleum
· Petroleum Industry
Drilling & Well Operations
Petroleum Recovery Techniques
Petroleum Products and by products
Natural Hazards in Petroleum Industry
Track 01: Petroleum
The petroleum business incorporates the worldwide procedures of investigation, extraction, refining, transporting, and advertising petroleum items. The biggest volume results of the business are fuel oil and gas. Petroleum is additionally the crude material for some synthetic products, including pharmaceuticals, solvents, composts, pesticides, and plastics. The business is generally separated into three noteworthy parts: upstream, midstream and downstream. Petroleum is indispensable to numerous businesses, and is of significance to the upkeep of modern progress in its present setup, and in this way is a basic sympathy toward numerous countries. Oil represents an expansive rate of the world's vitality utilization, going from a low of 32% for Europe and Asia, to a high of 53% for the Middle East. The creation, conveyance, refining and retailing of petroleum taken all in all speaks to the world's biggest industry as far as dollar esteem. Governments, for example, the United States government give a substantial open endowment to petroleum organizations, with real tax cuts at for all intents and purposes each phase of oil investigation and extraction, including the expenses of oil field rents and boring equipment.
Track 02: Petro Chemistry:
It is one of the
branches of chemistry concerned with petroleum and natural gas, with their
refining and processing. Conversion of petroleum and natural gas into useful
products. Petrochemicals have become essential components in today's chemical
industry. In extremely large quantities petroleum has been produced a lot of
years by natural changes in organic materials. Offering the necessary building
blocks petrochemicals allow downstream industries to originate and improve the
quality of life. Plant oils will replace petroleum in coming years.
Track 03: Petroleum Exploration:
Oil exploration is high risk and expensive process. Petroleum exploration is the search by Petroleum geologists and geophysicists for Hydrocarbon deposits under the earth surface such as oil and natural gas. Oil seeps, natural gas seeps, pockmarks are the evidences for hydrocarbon generation. Mostly this exploration depends on sophisticated techniques in order to detect the oil deposits by using exploration geophysics. For Large scale survey, hydrocarbons are primarily subjected to gravity survey, magnetic survey, and passive seismic or regional seismic reflection surveys. Elements of Petroleum include Source Rock, Migration, and Reservoir.
Track 04: Petroleum Extraction:
Extracting oil and natural
gas from deposits deep underground isn’t as simple as just drilling and
completing a well. Any number of factors in the underground environment –
including the porosity of the rock and the viscosity of the deposit -- can
impede the free flow of product into the well. In the past, it was common to
recover as little as 10% of the available oil in a reservoir, leaving the rest
underground because the technology did not exist to bring the rest to the
surface. Today, advanced technology allows production of about 60% of the
available resources from a formation.
Track 05: Oil Refining:
The refining process begins with crude oil. Crude oil is unrefined liquid petroleum, which ranges in color from yellow to black, and may have a paraffin, asphalt or mixed base. Crude oil is composed of thousands of different chemical compounds called hydrocarbons, all with different boiling points. For example, a typical crude oil may begin to boil at 104°F to produce petroleum gas used for heating and making plastics, and finish boiling at greater than 1112°F to produce residuals such as petroleum coke, asphalt and tar.
Crude oil is generally described as sweet or sour according to its sulfur content, and heavy or light according to its API Gravity. The API Gravity index is a relative measure of weight-the lower the number, the heavier the material; the higher the number, the lighter the material.
Track 06: Catalytic Cracking:
Petroleum refinery process in which heavy oil is passed through metal chambers called catalytic cracking or cat cracking under pressure and high temperature in the presence of catalysts such as alumina, silica, or zeolites. Alkylation is the transfer of an alkyl group from one molecule to another. When many molecules of a simple compound join together, the product is called a polymer and the process is termed polymerization.
Fluid catalytic cracking (FCC), a type of secondary unit operation, is primarily used in producing additional gasoline in the refining process. Isomerization is the process in which hydrocarbon molecules are rearranged into a more useful isomer. Reforming is another process in which hydrocarbon molecules are rearranged into other molecules, usually with the loss of a small molecule such as hydrogen.
Track 07: Drilling & Well Operations:
The well is created by drilling a hole 12 cm to 1 meter (5 in to 40 in) in diameter into the earth with a drilling rig that rotates a drill string with a bit attached. After the hole is drilled, sections of steel pipe (casing), slightly smaller in diameter than the borehole, are placed in the hole. Cement may be placed between the outside of the casing and the borehole known as the annulus. The casing provides structural integrity to the newly drilled wellbore, in addition to isolating potentially dangerous high pressure zones from each other and from the surface.
With these zones safely isolated and the formation protected by the casing, the well can be drilled deeper (into potentially more-unstable and violent formations) with a smaller bit, and also cased with a smaller size casing. Modern wells often have two to five sets of subsequently smaller hole sizes drilled inside one another, each cemented with casing.
Track 08: Petroleum Recovery Techniques:
Enhanced oil recovery (abbreviated EOR) is the implementation of various techniques for increasing the amount of crude oil that can be extracted from an oil field. Enhanced oil recovery is also called improved oil recovery or tertiary recovery (as opposed to primary and secondary recovery). According to the US Department of Energy, there are three primary techniques for EOR: thermal recovery, gas injection, and chemical injection. Sometimes the term quaternary recovery is used to refer to more advanced, speculative, EOR techniques. Using EOR, 30 to 60%, or more, of the reservoir's original oil can be extracted, compared with 20 to 40% using primary and secondary recovery.
Track 09: Petroleum Geology:
Petroleum geology is the study of the origin, natural occurrence, movement, gathering of and exploration of hydrocarbon fuels, especially oil or petroleum. The main focus of petroleum geology is studying and finding oil. Petroleum geology is stratigraphy, the relationship between rock layers and the way they can move or shift. The movement of rock layers can affect where petroleum deposits are found, as well as the removal of the petroleum.
Petroleum geosciences include the exploration and recovery of oil and gas. Hydrocarbons are formed through geological processes in the underground. In order to prove deposits, wells must be drilled. Underground CO2 deposits are an important contribution to reduce emissions, perhaps in combination with injections into the oil reservoirs to improve the recovery factor. The development of new knowledge and technology in this field is also an important element within petroleum geosciences.
Track 10: Distillation:
The crude oil distillation unit (CDU) is the first processing unit in virtually all petroleum refineries. The CDU distills the incoming crude oil into various fractions of different boiling ranges, each of which are then processed further in the other refinery processing units. The CDU is often referred to as the atmospheric distillation unit because it operates at slightly above atmospheric pressure.
Below is a schematic flow diagram of a typical crude oil distillation unit. The incoming crude oil is preheated by exchanging heat with some of the hot, distilled fractions and other streams. It is then desalted to remove inorganic salts (primarily sodium chloride).
Following the desalter, the crude oil is further heated by exchanging heat with some of the hot, distilled fractions and other streams. It is then heated in a fuel-fired furnace (fired heater) to a temperature of about 398°C and routed into the bottom of the distillation unit.
The cooling and condensing of the distillation tower overhead is provided partially by exchanging heat with the incoming crude oil and partially by either an air-cooled or water-cooled condenser. Additional heat is removed from the distillation column by a pumparound system.
The overhead distillate fraction from the distillation column is naphtha. The fractions removed from the side of the distillation column at various points between the column top and bottom are called side cuts. Each of the side cuts (i.e., the kerosene, light gas oil and heavy gas oil) is cooled by exchanging heat with the incoming crude oil. All of the fractions (i.e., the overhead naphtha, the sidecuts and the bottom residue) are sent to intermediate storage tanks before being processed further.
Track 11: Petroleum Products and by products:
Petroleum products are materials derived from crude oil (petroleum) as it is processed in oil refineries. Unlike petrochemicals, which are a collection of well-defined usually pure chemical compounds, petroleum products are complex mixtures. The majority of petroleum is converted to petroleum products, which includes several classes of fuels. Over 6,000 items are made from petroleum waste by-products including: Fertilizer, Linoleum, Perfume, Insecticide, Petroleum Jelly, Soap, and Vitamin Capsules. See link to partial list of 144 by-products listed by Rankin Energy002E.
Track 12: Natural Hazards in Petroleum Industry:
Health and safety has been prioritized in oil and gas industry for many years. Still, occupational hygiene exposures are often taken with proper care to determine the true risk to workers.
Below describe top occupational health hazards that your workers should be aware of. This sector produces and uses many chemical products on its working sites.
Oil and gas workers exposed to chemicals produced and used in oil and gas industry may suffer occupational diseases of lungs, skin and other organs at levels relying on the amount and length of exposure time. Those exposed to hazardous noise levels may suffer noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). Other hazards include confined spaces that may injury or threaten life of untrained workers.
Track 13: Petroleum
It includes International Oil Markets, Energy Economics, Capital Cost Estimation, Factors that effect Profitability, Cash Flow, Depletion, Depreciation, Affiliation, New technologies that depletes petroleum cost. Petroleum exploration and production economics center on the size and nature of oil and gas reserves in relation to oil and gas prices. An Process Economics said to have two key assets: Its people and their ability to profitably find (or acquire), develop, and produce oil and gas reserves and Its existing reserves and their ability, when produced, to generate positive cash flow.
Theme: Current Trends & Advanced Technologies in Petroleum Industry.
Petroleum Industry 2017 is the platform to gain or share the knowledge in the new technological developments in the field of chemical engineering. This conference brings together professors, researchers, scientists and practitioners in all the areas of Petroleum Engineering, oil and gas engineering services which provides an international forum for the spreading of approved research results, new ideas and practical developments. We are honoured to invite you all to attend and register for the “9th International Conference on Petroleum Geology and Petroleum Industry”. The organizing committee is gearing up for an exciting and informative conference program including plenary lectures, symposia, workshops on a variety of topics, poster presentations and various programs for participants from all over the world. We invite you to join us at the Petroleum Industry 2017, where you will be sure to have a meaningful experience with scholars from around the world. All members of the Petroleum Industry 2016 organizing committee look forward to meeting you in Vienna, Austria.
For more details please visit: http://petroleumindustry.alliedacademies.com/
Importance & Scope:
Petroleum engineering is a field of engineering concerned with the activities related to the production of hydrocarbons, which can be either crude oil or natural gas. Exploration and Production are deemed to fall within the upstream sector of the oil and gas industry. Exploration, by earth scientists, and petroleum engineering are the oil and gas industry's two main subsurface disciplines, which focus on maximizing economic recovery of hydrocarbons from subsurface reservoirs. Petroleum geology and geophysics focus on provision of a static description of the hydrocarbon reservoir rock, while petroleum engineering focuses on estimation of the recoverable volume of this resource using a detailed understanding of the physical behaviour of oil, water and gas within porous rock at very high pressure.
The combined efforts of geologists and petroleum engineers throughout the life of a hydrocarbon accumulation determine the way in which a reservoir is developed and depleted, and usually they have the highest impact on field economics. Petroleum engineering requires a good knowledge of many other related disciplines, such as geophysics, petroleum geology, formation evaluation (well logging), drilling, economics, reservoir simulation, reservoir engineering, well engineering, artificial lift systems, completions and oil and gas facilities engineering.
Recruitment to the industry has historically been from the disciplines of physics, chemical engineering and mining engineering. Subsequent development training has usually been done within oil companies.
Why to attend?
Petroleum industry conference aims at multi-disciplined audience with diverse commercial, technical, corporate, operations, planning sectors of the upstream oil and gas engineering services. Meet Your Target Market with members from around the world focused on learning and sharing about Upstream Scientists/Engineers; this is your single best opportunity to reach the largest assemblage of participants from the global Oil and gas engineering industry. Conduct demonstrations, distribute information, meet with current and potential customers, make a splash with a new product line, and receive name recognition at this 3-day event. World-renowned speakers, the most recent techniques, tactics, and the newest breakthroughs in the upstream sector of oil and gas engineering are hallmarks of this conference.
Top Universities in Austria:
· University of Vienna
· Vienna University of Technology
· University of Innsbruck
· Graz University of Technology (TU Graz)
· Johannes Kepler University Linz
· University of Graz
· Medical University of Vienna
Major petroleum engineering Research Associations around the Globe:
• American Association of Petroleum Geologists
• American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers
• Canadian Association of Oil well Drilling Contractors
• Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers
• Pennsylvania Petroleum Association
• American Fuel and Petrochemical Manufacturer
• Society of Petroleum Engineers
• Independent Petroleum Association of America
• American Association of Petroleum Geologists
Major Oil & Gas Companies around the Globe:
• China National Petroleum Corp. (Petrochina)
• Royal Dutch Shell
• Saudi Arabian Oil Company (Aramco)
Petroleum production world wise by Year:
Austria Crude Oil Production and Consumption by Year:
Glance at a market of petroleum industry:
Global oil and gas production has increased over the last five years, from 81.15 Million barrels per day in 2009, to 88.67 Million barrels per day b 2014. This has led to the supply for oil & gas exceeding its demand which has ultimately caused a decline in the prices of crude oil during the last six months of 2014. Consequently, the oil and gas operators have reduced their capital expenditure outlook for 2015 citing concerns over low profit margins. This reduction has mainly impacted the upstream exploration and production (E&P) activities. However, the declining production from onshore oilfields in countries such as Russia, the U.K. and India among others has resulted in higher demand for exploring new offshore reserves. Drill pipe which are used to support drilling and exploration activities are expected to grow at a CAGR of 3.8% to reach USD 1,133.8 Million by 2020 from USD 940.62 Million in 2015. In this report, 2014 is considered as the base year and 2020 is considered as the forecast year. The report covers the grade of drill pipe as well as the application segments.
The oil & gas market is expected to grow from an estimated USD 3.22 Billion in 2016 to USD 4.54 Billion by 2021, registering a CAGR of 6.9% from 2016 to 2021. The global market is witnessing significant growth on account of the decline in natural gas prices, increase in electricity demand, and low emission levels of the gas & oil compared to other fossil fuels. Increasing investments in distributed power generation are also expected to drive the demand for oil & gas across the globe.